I am a senior student. My English teacher says I am overusing the passive voice. Can you give me some ideas on this?
Here is a clear explanation of active and passive voice from Purdue University’s excellent OWL pages.
Here is a simple quiz on the subject.
This explanation from UNC-CH Writing Center is also very good. See also LEO: Literacy Education Online: Active and Passive Verbs.
Some of the problems caused by using the passive voice are described by The Guide to Grammar and Writing.
From Yale University comes this more advanced explanation of ineffective use of passive voice. Here is a brief extract:
Sentences in the passive voice do not inherently lead to deceitfulness, but it is much more difficult to evade hard truths when you write in the active voice. Avoid passive constructions whenever possible, since they are often vague. For example:
Public television can be perceived by some as boring. When its programs are viewed, they seem tedious and cannot be easily understood. The interest of a wide audience is not attracted. This narrowness of appeal is imputed to excessive intellectualism. How can this be supported by a so-called “public” network?
These unfortunate sentences should be rewritten: “Many viewers find public television boring because it is too intellectual, a questionable quality in a ‘public’ network.” Most of us have a natural desire to avoid straightforward assertions like this because they bring on us the burden of controversy. Good writers distinguish themselves by their willingness to accept that burden.
This article also explains legitimate use of the passive.
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